How JavaScript Works?

JavaScript is a programming language that is used to create dynamic and interactive web pages. It runs on the client-side, which means that it is executed in the user’s browser. Here’s an overview of how JavaScript works:

  1. Parsing: When a web page is loaded in the browser, the browser’s HTML parser reads the HTML code and creates a Document Object Model (DOM) tree, which represents the structure of the web page. The browser’s CSS parser also reads the CSS code and creates a CSS Object Model (CSSOM) tree, which represents the style information for the web page.
  2. Loading: When the browser encounters a <script> tag in the HTML code, it starts loading the JavaScript code from the specified source. The JavaScript code can also be embedded directly in the HTML code using a <script> tag.
  3. Execution: Once the JavaScript code has been loaded, it is executed by the browser’s JavaScript engine. The JavaScript engine reads the code line by line and executes it in the order that it appears in the code.
  4. Variables and Data Types: JavaScript is a dynamically typed language, which means that variables are not assigned a specific data type. Instead, variables can hold values of any data type. JavaScript supports several data types, including strings, numbers, booleans, arrays, objects, and functions.
  5. Functions: Functions are an essential part of JavaScript. They are used to encapsulate code and create reusable pieces of code that can be called from other parts of the program. Functions can be defined using the function keyword, and can take arguments and return values.
  6. Events and Event Listeners: JavaScript is often used to create interactive web pages that respond to user actions, such as mouse clicks and keyboard presses. JavaScript accomplishes this by using event listeners, which are functions that are executed when a specific event occurs, such as a button click.
  7. Asynchronous Programming: JavaScript also supports asynchronous programming, which allows code to be executed in a non-blocking manner. This is achieved through the use of callbacks, promises, and async/await functions.

Overall, JavaScript is a powerful and versatile programming language that is used to create a wide range of interactive web applications.

(Visited 4 times, 1 visits today)

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top